Before 2020, construction was the second least digitized industry in the world after agriculture. Today, technology is making worksites faster, safer, and smarter—and drones play an essential role in this new era of digital tools.
This post will point you in the right direction and help ensure you have everything you need to start drone surveying on your worksite.
The most obvious tool in your drone surveying kit is the hardware: the drone itself, plus complementary tech like AeroPoints to guarantee accurate results.
Over the past several years, advances in technology have made drones more accurate and affordable—the perfect tool for contractors looking to upgrade their operations. They provide the centimeter-level accuracy of a traditional base and rover, but without the special training and advanced education required to use them.
Drones come in many different shapes and sizes, and each has unique benefits depending on your needs. There are three main elements to consider when choosing the right drone for your worksite:
If you’re flying large worksites, look at fixed-wing or fixed-wing VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) drones. They fly much faster than quadcopters, making them a good fit for large areas. Depending on the task at hand, flying one fixed-wing drone can be more efficient than flying several multirotor UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles). Fixed-wing drones also can fly much longer on a single battery charge.
On the other hand, fixed-wing drones can’t hover. They need more space to make turns and a runway for takeoff and landing. VTOL drones are the exception, as they can take off and land vertically—hence the name. Smaller sites or urban environments might be better surveyed with a quadcopter, since they probably don’t require the speed and battery longevity of fixed-wing drones.
As a general rule, sites under 200 hectares (or 500 acres) can be surveyed comfortably with a quadcopter. For larger worksites, consider a fixed-wing or fixed-wing VTOL drone.
You can check out some of our recommended drones here.
A high-quality surveying camera should have a 20MP sensor or better. You’ll also want to look out for the camera specifications that impact ground sample distance (GSD) and image resolution.
The camera isn’t necessarily tied to a specific type of drone. Some drones allow for camera swapping while others don’t, so that’s important to keep in mind. Make sure the drone you invest in can capture high-quality images.
For a deeper dive into drone cameras, check out this post.
Of course, money matters—especially when you’re making a new investment. Fixed-wing and VTOL drones typically cost about 3.5 times as much as quadcopters, so your budget is a factor.
That said, choose your drone with the total cost of ownership in mind. Quadcopters often have a shorter lifespan, with more moving parts and lower quality. Depending on frequency of use, you may end up replacing a quadcopter every couple of years, while fixed-wing and VTOL drones will last longer.
Still wondering about the best drone for you? Click here for our recommended survey drones.
While drone surveying can be done without ground control points (GCPs), you’ll get much higher accuracy if you use ground control. Fortunately, high-tech hardware exists that makes ground control easier, too.
Propeller’s AeroPoints are GPS-enabled smart ground control points. They deliver the same level of precision as traditional control without the hassle. Simply place one on the ground near your launch site, turn it on, and fly your mission. If you choose a PPK (post-processing kinematic) workflow, the AeroPoint functions as a base station and GCP rolled into one, helping to ‘pin’ RTK-enabled drone images to the ground. This makes it the fastest method for achieving survey-grade results.
Okay, so you’ve got all the equipment and software you need to start drone surveying. Now all that’s left is the knowledge required to use it.
Drone hardware is pretty straightforward to operate these days, but there are basic licensing steps before you can fly your UAV. Primarily, this step is meant to ensure that drone pilots understand their local and regional airspace. Check out this post for country-specific information on what’s required before you fly.
Once you’re ready to fly your site, the process is fairly straightforward: power on your AeroPoint for ground control, fly your drone for at least ten minutes, and that’s it—you’ve completed your aerial drone survey.
Next, you’ll upload your data to a software application.
Once the drone has collected images and GPS data, you’ll need software to make sense of everything and convert that data into 3D maps. If you use a PPK workflow, your drone’s positional data is refined after the flight using data from a base station or other known point on the ground.
Factors to consider when determining the software setup that’s right for you include:
Propeller’s automated drone image and PPK geotag processing with photogrammetry is a practical way to process and visualize drone data. It’s also compatible with any local coordinate reference system you’re using. Generally, you’ll get your data back within 24 hours of flying your site, and gain a number of benefits from letting us do processing, including:
The accurate data you can get from drone surveying and processing with Propeller can help take your business to the next level and improve those important conversations with your project teams and customers. This will lead to more successful projects.